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InterView Magazine

Know Your  & lower your risk for Cardio Vascular Disease


is for cholesterol

When your cholesterol is high, it builds up in the walls of the blood vessels. This makes the vessels narrower. Blood flow decreases. You are then at greater risk for having a heart attack or stroke.
 A Mix of Different Fats
Cholesterol is made up of different kinds of fats, or lipids.
HDL (the good cholesterol) moves fat out of the bloodstream and does not block your blood vessels. HDL levels are affected by how much you exercise and what you eat. For most people, the HDL level should be 40 or higher if you’re a man — and 50 or higher if you’re a woman.

LDL (the bad cholesterol) is fat that can stick to your artery walls and block blood flow. LDL levels are most affected by what you eat. The LDL level should be lower than 100.

Triglyceride is a type of fat the body uses to store energy. Too much triglyceride can increase your risk for heart disease. Triglyceride levels should be under 150.
 
 Controlling Cholesterol Levels
If your total cholesterol score is 200 or higher, follow the steps below to help lower your total cholesterol level.
Making Healthy Food Choices:  Cut back on saturated fats and transfats (hydrogenated fats).
Eat more whole grains and soluble fiber: Oatmeal or oat bran are the kinds of food that lower overall cholesterol. 
Get Active:  Choose an activity you enjoy like walking, swimming, and riding a bike — 30 minutes a day is ideal.
Quit Smoking:  Smoking affects cholesterol levels by dramatically increasing bad cholesterol (LDL), and decreasing good cholesterol (HDL).
Take Medication as Directed: Ask your doctor if you might benefit from a cholesterol-lowering medication. 

Smoking affects your heart, as well as your lungs, increasing your risk for heart disease and stroke. Smoking causes shallow breathing and your lungs fill with smoke.  

stands for Stop Smoking

 How Smoking Affects Your Body
Smoking has been linked with many serious illnesses. A few of the negative effects of smoking are listed below.
  • Decreases oxygen level in the blood,
    causing respiratory issues 
  • Raises blood pressure, which increases
    your risk of heart attack or stroke
  • Reduces blood flow, which can slow
    healing and cause wrinkles
  • In men, problems with erections.
 Resources for Help:

American Cancer Association, Guide to Quitting Smoking, www.cancer.org

American Lung Association, Stop Smoking, www.lung.org 

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